There’s a notion that desserts are not a part of Asian cuisine. Supposedly, fruit is enough to satisfy the Asian sweet tooth. It’s time to shed light on this myth. There are a lot of traditional desserts in Asian cuisine. It’s just that these may not translate well.
For example, in Cantonese cuisine there is the whole category of dessert soups. I’m guessing that, like myself, Salon’s Francis Lam has faced many bowls of these at Chinese banquets, along with the appetizer of cold jellyfish and bottles of Johnny Walker for celebratory toasts. The question is, does he like them?
As much as a fan as Francis may be of cold soups, these Chinese dessert soups, known as tong sui, which can be served hot or cold, might not be what he was envisioning for this week’s Salon Kitchen Challenge. They require both translation as well as familiarization, and most certainly an adventurous palate. As a hallmark of Cantonese cuisine, they are very popular in Hong Kong, but they have made their way to Overseas Chinese communities throughout Asia and around the world. They are sweet, as you’d expect dessert to be, but they have some ingredients not usually seen in desserts of other cultures.
Beans, for instance, make a frequent appearance. The green mung bean and the red azuki bean are the most common varieties. Fungus is also featured. No, not what you’re thinking– neither the source of that nasty rash nor the usual mushroom, but a variety known as white tree fungus, which is similar to the brown or black version you might have eaten in your mu shu. Other common ingredients in Chinese dessert soups include gingko nuts, lotus seeds, taro root, sweet potatoes, and black sesame paste. You can handle these?
OK, then you might be ready for the expensive delicacy called bird’s nest, which is literally that, and used as a special ingredient in both savory and sweet soups. Finally, brace yourself for this next one, a delicacy called hasma. Known also as snow frog jelly, these are the fallopian tubes of frogs.
Don’t worry, these are way beyond my comfort zone. For the more timid among us, there are traditional Asian dessert soups which have much broader appeal. How about tapioca? This starch is usually made into toothsome “pearls” that are commonly made into pudding in American home cooking. In Asian desserts they’re made into soups, of course. These are popular both in Chinese cuisine and in the cuisines of Southeast Asia, including Vietnam and Thailand.
One of my favorite tapioca desserts comes from Vietnam. It can be served warm or cold. Chilled, it is reminiscent of a milkier, more fruity, tropical version of your mom’s tapioca pudding. The tapioca pearls lend both a pleasant mouthfeel and a visual treat, glistening orbs floating in a sea of creamy coconut milk.
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Banana, Tapioca and Coconut Milk Soup
3 cups water
4 tablespoons small uncooked tapioca pearls
1 pound (about 8) small (“baby” or “finger”) bananas, ripe but firm, peeled (may substitute regular bananas if unavailable)
1 cup unsweetened coconut milk (about half a can)
4 tablespoons sugar
pinch of salt
garnish: toasted white sesame seeds
optional: 1/2 tsp vanilla extract (not traditional but a nice touch)
1) substitute chunks of fresh mango for the banana, after soup is fully cooked
2) substitute chunks of cooked sweet potato or taro for the banana. This combination is known as bo bo cha cha and is served in Singapore and Malaysia.
1. Bring water to a boil.
2. Add tapioca pearls, and stir frequently to prevent them from sticking. Boil for 10-15 minutes, or until the the tapioca pearls are almost clear.
3. Cut peeled bananas on the diagonal into 3/4 inch thick discs.
4. Once the tapioca is cooked, add in the coconut milk, sugar, and salt. Bring the mixture back to a boil.
5. Add banana pieces to the soup and simmer over low heat for two minutes.
6. Remove soup from heat and add vanilla, if desired.
7. May be served warm or cold.
8. If serving cold, allow soup to cool, then cover tightly and refrigerate for a few hours until cold.
9. Ladle into individual serving bowls and garnish each with a sprinkle of sesame seeds.
© 2010 Linda Shiue
Published July 26, 2010 on Salon.com.